Peripheral nerve tumours are growths in or near the nerves that transmit signals from your brain to the rest of your body. These nerves control your muscles, allowing you to walk, blink, swallow, pick up things, and do other activities.
Peripheral nerve tumours can occur anywhere in the body. Most of them are not cancerous (malignant), but they can cause pain, nerve damage and loss of function in the affected area.
Symptoms of peripheral nerve tumours vary depending on the location of the tumours and which tissues are affected. They include:
It is not clear why most peripheral nerve tumours develop. Some are linked to inherited syndromes, such as neurofibromatosis (types 1 and 2) and schwannomatosis. Tumours develop on or near the nerves throughout the body in these disorders. These tumours are usually noncancerous.
Other cases may be caused by a malfunctioning gene, injury or surgery.
To diagnose a peripheral nerve tumour, Dr Shiva may ask you about signs and symptoms, discuss your medical history, and perform a general physical and neurological exam. They may also order several tests to help pinpoint the cause of your signs and symptoms, including:
Peripheral nerve tumour treatment depends on the type of tumour, what nerves and other tissues it affects, and your symptoms. Treatment options for peripheral nerve tumours include: