Hydrocephalus is a condition caused by cerebrospinal fluid build-up in the brain. Too much fluid creates pressure that can damage the brain.
The most common symptoms of hydrocephalus are headache, nausea, vomiting and fits.
Hydrocephalus can also cause:
The condition is referred to as congenital hydrocephalus if a child is born with hydrocephalus caused by a problem in the cerebrospinal fluid when the baby’s brain is developing.
People can also get hydrocephalus as a result of the following:
If someone has symptoms of hydrocephalus, the following tests can check for extra fluid in the brain:
While hydrocephalus often can’t be cured, it can be managed. Treatment aims to reduce pressure on the brain. The usual approach is surgery to insert a fine tube called a shunt that helps drain the fluid.
Recovery from a shunt placement takes about one to two days in the hospital. It is not uncommon to return to work within a few weeks.